Judetul Salaj - Garbou

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Garbou

Comuna Garbou este situata in partea de est a judetului Salaj, in zona colinara a Dealurilor Simisna-Garbou, ocupa o suprafata totala de 100,62 km2 in bazinul hidrografic al Braglezului, fiind de altfel una dintre cele mai mari comune din judet. Satele care compun comuna sunt: Garbou - sat resedinta de comuna situat la o distanta de 49 km fata de municipiul Zalau, Bezded, Calacea, Cernuc, Fabrica, Popteleac si Solomon.

Prima atestare documentara a satului Garbou dateaza din anul 1336, sub denumirea de Gorbo. Cu exceptia localitatii Fabrica, toate celelalte localitati au fost atestate documentar in intervalul cuprins intre secolul al XIII-lea si al XIV- lea. De-a lungul timpului, localitatile comunei au inregistrat urcusuri si coborasuri, impuse de caracteristicile economice si social-istorice ale diferitelor perioade de timp. In vatra satului Garbou au fost descoperite vestigiile unei asezari romane fortificate, probabil un castru roman, fortificatii ce au stat la baza construirii unei cetati medievale. In anul 1766 a fost inaltat castelul familiei HalIer. De comuna Garbau se leaga numele marelui om politic Alesandru Papiu Ilarian, nascut in satul Bezded, conducator de marca al revolutiei de la 1848, profesor universitar si membru al Societatii Academice Romane, si mai tarziu, ministru de justitie al Romaniei.

Populatia comunei numara la ultimul recensamant 2439 locuitori, din care 92,41% romani, 0,45% maghiari si 7,14% rromi.

Desi industria era prezenta inca de la inceputul secolului al XIX-lea printr-un atelier de prelucrare a matasii naturale si o fabrica de zahar la Garbou, o fabrica de spirt si una de zahar la Fabrica, in prezent agricultura este principala ramura economica a comunei. Dezvoltarea sectorului zootehnic a dus la aparitia, pe harta comunei, a unei importante unitati de prelucrare a laptelui.

Posedand un fond turistic de natura antropica extrem de valoros, comuna Garbou poate deveni un important areal atractiv din punct de vedere turistic. Castelul Haller (Burgul), biserica de lemn "Adormirea Maicii Domnului" din Solomon, monument de arhitectura datand din secolul al XVIII-lea, biserica de lemn "Sfintii Arhangheli" din Cernuc si biserica de lemn cu acelasi nume din Popteleac, sunt obiectivele de interes turistic care merita sa fie puse in valoare.

Garbou

The commune is situated in the eastern part of the county, in the hilly zone of the Simisna - Garbou Hills, in the hydrographical basin of the Braglez River. It is one of the biggest communes of the county occupying a 100,62 square kms surface. The component villages of the commune are: Garbou - the central village situated at 49 kms distance from Zalau city, Bezded, Calacea, Cernuc, Fabrica, Popteleac and Solomon.

Garbou was attested in 1336 under the name Gorbo. With the exception of Fabrica, the other localities were first mentioned during the 13-16th centuries. On the territory of the commune there were brought to he surface the remains of a reinforced Roman settlement, probably a Roman camp. The fortifications were the basis of a medieval castle. In 1766 the castle of the Haller family was built. In Bezded was born Alexandru Papiu Ilarian, one of the leaders of the revolution in 1848, professor, member of the Romanian Academic Society and Minister of Justice.

At the last census the population counted 2439 inhabitants of which 92,41% are Romanians, 0,45% Hungarians and 7,14% were Roms.

Although agriculture is the main economical branch, there exist a factory of natural silk production and a sugarworks in Gârbou, a still and a sugarworks in Fabrica. The latter functions from the 19th century. Due to the developing of livestock-breeding, the commune is also an important centre of milk-production.

The Haller castle (the Burg), the wooden church "Adormirea Maicii Domnului" in Solomon, architectural monument dated from the 18th century, the wooden church "Sfintii Arhangheli" in Cernuc and the wooden church with the same name in Popteleac are all touristical objectives that worth visiting.

Csakigorbo

A Szilagy megye keleti reszen fekvo Csakigorbo a Csakigorboi dombsagon, a Braglez folyo volgyeben talalhato. A megye egyik legnagyobb kozsege, teljes felulete 100,62 km2. A kovetkezo falvak tartoznak hozza: Csakigorbo (Garbou) - a kozsegkozpont, 49 km-re talalhato Zilahtol, Bezded (Bezded), Kiskalocsa (Calacea), Csernek (Cernuc), Cukorgyartelep (Fabrica), Paptelke (Popteleac) es Gorbosalamon (Solomon).

Csakigorbo elso irasos emlitese 1336-bol valo, Cukorgyartelep kivetelevel a tobbi falut pedig a XIII - XIV. szazad folyaman emlitik eloszor a dokumentumok. A kozseg falvai az idok folyaman hol hanyatlo, hol pedig fejlodo tendenciat mutattak, a kulonbozo korszakok gazdasagi, tarsadalmi es tortenelmi esemenyeinek megfeleloen. Csakigorbo falu hataraban egy romai telepules vagy tanya allott. 1766-ban megepult a Haller csalad kastelya, melyet a szazad vegen id. Wesselényi Miklos megostromolt egy szokott lovasz miatt. Bezded faluban szuletett Alexandru Papiu Ilarian, a nagy politikus, az 1848-as forradalom vezeto egyenisege, egyetemi tanar, a Roman Akademia tagja, kesobb igazsagugyi miniszter.

A kozseg lakossaga az utolso nepszamlalaskor 2439 fo volt, ebbol 92,41% roman, 0,45% magyar es 7,14% roma nemzetisegu.

A kozsegben mar a XIX. szazadban letezett ipar: Csakigorbon egy nyersselyemgyar, egy cukorgyar, kesobb letesult a cukorgyartelepi cukor es szeszgyar. Jelenleg megis a dominans gazdasagi ag a mezogazdasag. Az allattenyesztes fejlodesenek koszonhetoen a tejfeldolgozas is felkerult a kozseg gazdasagi palettajara.

Csakigorbo nevezetessegei a Haller kastely (a Burg), a romjaiban megmaradt barokk kapu, a gorbosalamoni fatemplom (XVIII. szazadi epiteszeti muemlek) valamint a cserneki es papteleki fatemplomok.