Judetul Salaj - Jibou

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Jibou

Situat in partea de nord-est a judetului Salaj la o distanta de 26 km fata de municipiul Zalau, declarat localitate urbana in anul 1968, orasul Jibou cu localitatile rurale componente, Cuceu, Husia, Rona si Var, se intinde pe o suprafata de 64,66 km2, in depresiunea larga a Guruslaului, la confluenta Agrijului cu Somesul.

In decursul timpului, orasul Jibou este mentionat sub mai multe denumiri. Din anul 1219 este mentionata pentru prima oara aceasta asezare sub denumirea de villa Chybur, ca mai tarziu, sa apara sub alte denumiri cum sunt Zybo la 1460, opidum Sibo la 1564, Zsibou la 1750 si Jibau la 1854. Celelalte localitati componete au fost consemnate putin mai tarziu: Rona in anul 1338, Cuceu in anul 1388, Husia in anul 1405 si Var in anul 1469. De-a lungul istoriei, orasul Jibou a jucat un rol important in plan economic si social. Este bine cunoscut pentru participarea lui in rascoala curutilor (1703 -1711) dusa impotriva regimului habsburgic. Un rol important in dezvoltarea orasului a avut familia Wesselenyi, ai carei membri sunt ctitorii castelului, construit in stil baroc, unul dintre cele mai frumoase din Transilvania. Contelele Wesselenyi Miklos a luptat pentru eliberarea iobagilor in Transilvania.

Sub aspect demografic, la ultimul recensamant, populatia orasului Jibou si a localitatilor componente numara 11306 locuitori, din care 81,2% romani, 13,29% maghiari, 5,33% rromi, 0,06% germani, si 0,02% reprezentand alte nationalitati.

Fiind un important nod de cale ferata, Jiboul reprezinta pentru economia nationala un important centru de tranzit pentru marfurile transportate pe calea ferata. Pe langa industria textila si industria alimentara, bine reprezentate in oras, activitatile sectorului tertiar au capatat in ultimii ani ponderi din ce in ce mai insemnate.

Orasul Jibou reprezinta si un important centru de atractie turistica. Baile Jibou, microstatiune balneara, sunt cunoscute pentru efectele terapeutice ale apelor sulfuroase, sulfatate si clorurate in tratarea afectiunilor hepato-biliare, gastro-intestinale si reumatismale. Obiectivul turistic de cea mai mare atractie, care face faima orasului Jibou atst in tara cat si peste hotare, este Gradina Botanica. Gradina botanica, in suprafata de cca. 25 ha, a fost amenajata in incinta ansamblului arhitectural al resedintei familiei Wesselenyi incepand cu anul 1968, la initiativa cercetatorului iubitor de frumos, profesorul Vasile Fati. Istoria infiintarii Gradinii Botanice si a Muzeului de Stiinte ale Naturii de la Jibou cuprinde nume de rezonanta din invatamantul si cercetarea romaneasca, cum sunt: Alexandru Borza, Ion T. Tarnavschi, Eugen Ghisa, Ioan Ghergely, Felician Micle, Onoriu Ratiu, Eugen Pora, Nicolae Boscaiu, Iustinian Petrescu, Traian Ceuca si multi altii. In incinta Gradinii Botanice, in premiera pentru Romania, in anul 1978, s-a pus in practica proiectul semnat de arhitectul Valentin Zisu si inginerul Liviu Vasile Pop, prin realizarea acvariului si palmarului, doua constructii cu o arhitectura si o structura de exceptie (structura geodezica unica in tara la acea vreme, folosita pentru spatii de utilitate publica). Din periplul unui turist prin orasul Jibou si imprejurimi, pe langa cele doua obiective turistice mentionate mai sus, nu trebuie sa lipseasca vizitarea bisericii de lemn "Sfintii Apostoli" (sec. XVIII) din Var, bisericii de lemn "Sfintii Arhangheli" (1800) din Husia si Castelul Beldy (sec. XX), toate monumente istorice, de arta si arhitectura inscrise in patrimoniul cultural national, si a rezervatiei naturale Calcarele de la Rona.

Jibou

Situated at a distance of 26 kms from the county capital Zalau, the town Jibou became an urban locality in 1968 and the following rural settlements belong to it: Cuceu, Husia, Rona and Var. The 64,66 square kms town is situated in the Guruslau Basin, at the confluence of the rivers Agrij and Somes.

Throughout its history Jibou is being referred to by various names. The settlement is first mentioned in 1219 by the name villa Chybur, and later it appears by the name Zybo in 1460, opidum Sibo in 1564, Zsibou in 1750, and Jibau in 1854. The other localities belonging to Jibou have only been mentioned later: Rona in 1338, Cuceu in 1388, Husia in 1405 and Var in 1469. Throughout its history the town Jibou played an important economical and social role, especially in the period of the Kuruts uprising against the Habsburg reign. The Wesselenyi family whose members built one of the most beautiful Transylvanian baroque castles had an important role in the development of the city. Count Wesselenyi Miklos fought for the liberation of serfs in Transylvania.

Demographically according to the last census the population of Jibou is structured as it follows: 16.066 inhabitants, out of which 81,20% Romanians, 13,29% Hungarians, 5,33% Roms, 0,06% Germans and 0,02% other nationalities.

As it is an important railway knot Jibou represents an important transit centre in the land for the products transported by train. Besides the well represented textile and food industry, the activities of the tertiary domain became more and more significant.

The town Jibou is also an important centre of touristic attraction. Jibou Baths, a spa are known for the beneficial effect of the waters with sulphure and chlorine, good for healing the hepato-biliare, gastro-intestinal, rheum diseases. The Botanical Garden made the town Jibou famous for tourists. The Botanical Garden has a surface of 25 acres and has been arranged inside the architectural ensemble at the Wesselenyi residence beginning with the year 1968 and its building was initiated by the kind-hearted and beauty-admirer prof. Vasile Fati. In the history of the building of the Botanical Garden and of the Museum of Nature-Sciences a few names ought to be mentioned: Alexandru Borza, Ion T. Tarnavschi, Eugen Ghisa, Ioan Ghergely, Felician Micle, Onoriu Ratiu, Eugen Pora, Nicolae Boscaiu, Iustinina Petrescu, Traian Ceuca and others. In 1978, for the first time in Romania the project for making the aquarium and the glass-house signed by architect Valentin Zisu and engineer Liviu Vasile Pop has been approved, so two buildings with an exceptional architecture and structure were built (the unique geodesic structure was used for the first time for spaces of public utility). The touristic sightseeing in Jibou should include besides the two above mentioned touristical objectives, the visit of the wooden church "Sfintii Apostoli" (13th century) from Var, the wooden church "Sfintii Arhangheli" (1800) from Husia, and the "Beldy Castle" (20.th century), all of them historical art and architectural monuments included in the national patrimony, and at last but not least the natural reservation "Calcarele de la Rona" ("The Lime stones from Rone").

Zsibo

Szilagy megye eszakkeleti reszen fekszik, 26 km-re Zilah municipiumtol. 1968-ban kapott varosi rangot. A kovetkezo falvak tartoznak hozza: Kucso (Cuceu), Hosszuujfalu (Husia), Szilagyrona (Rona) es Szamosormezo (Var). Felulete 64,66 km2, a Zsiboi medenceben talalhato, az Egregy es a Szamos osszefolyasanal.

Zsibonak tobb neve is volt az idok folyaman. Elso irasos emlitese 1219-bol szarmazik, ekkor villa Chybur neven szerepel, kesobbi nevei pedig Zybo (1460), opidum Sibo (1564), Zsibou (1750) es vegul Jibau (1854). A tobbi helysegrol csak kesobb tortenik emlites, Szilagyronarol 1338-ban, Kucsorol 1388-ban, Hosszuujfalurol 1405-ben, mig Szamosormezorol csak 1469-ben. A varos fejlodeseben nagy szerepe volt a Wesselenyi csaladnak. Az o nevukhoz fuzodik az itteni, Erdely egyik legszebb barokk stilusu kastelyanak epittetese. A csalad legismertebb tagja grof ifj. Wesselenyi Miklos, az "arvizi hajos", aki elszantan kuzdott az erdelyi jobbagysag felszabaditasaert. Ket tragikus tortenelmi esemeny fuzodik a varos nevehez: 1705-ben II. Rakoczi Ferenc seregei itt szenvedtek veresseget, 1849 augusztus 25-en pedig Kazinczi Lajos tabornok honvedei itt tettek le a fegyvert.

A varos es a hozzatartozo telepulesek nepessege az utolso nepszamlalasi adatok szerint 11.306 fo, ebbol 81,20% roman, 13,29% magyar, 5,33% roma, 0,06% nemet es 0,02% mas nemzetisegu.

Zsibo fontos vasuti csomopontnak szamit, ezert a nemzetgazdasag szempontjabol jelentos szerepet jatszik a vasuton torteno aruszallitasban. Textilipara es elelmiszeripara mellett az utobbi evekben a szolgaltatoipar is egyre jelentosebb eredmenyeket ert el.

Mindezek mellett Zsibo fontos turisztikai kozpontnak is tekintheto. Gyogyfurdoinek kenes es kloros vize jo hatassal van a maj- es epebantalmakra, a gyomor- es belbetegsegekre valamint a reumas megbetegedesekre. Zsibo legnagyobb turisztikai vonzerovel biro latvanyossaga a Botanikus Kert. Ez kb. 25 hektar teruleten fekszik, 1968-ban rendeztek be a Wesselenyi csalad birtokan Vasile Fati kezdemenyezesere. A zsiboi Botanikus Kert es a Termeszettudomanyi Muzeum letesitese Alexandru Borza, Ion T. Tarnavschi, Eugen Ghisa, Ioan Ghergely, Felician Micle, Onoriu Ratiu, Eugen Pora, Nicolae Boscaiu, Iustinian Petrescu, Traian Ceuca nevehez fuzodik. 1978-ban, Romaniaban eloszor itt valosítottak meg az akvarium es a palmahaz letrehozasarol szolo tervet, melyet Valentin Zisu epitesz es Virag Karoly, Liviu Vasile Pop mernokok dolgoztak ki. Mindket epulet kulonleges, geodeziai szerkezete miatt epitese idejen egyedulalla volt a hazai kozhasznu epuletek soraban. Reformatus temploma mai formajat 1749-ben kapta, amikor Wesselenyi Istvan es neje, Daniel Polixena renovaltatta. A templom kulso falan levo egyik emlektablat id. Wesselenyi Miklos tetette a kufsteini bortonbol valo szabadulasa emlekere (1790). 2004-ben a templom ele felallitottak ifj. Wesselenyi Miklos szobrat (Sepsi Dezso alkotasa). A Zsibo videkere latogato turista programjaból nem hianyozhat a szamosormezoi ortodox fatemplom (XVIII. szazad), a hosszuujfalvi fatemplom (1880), a Beldy kastély (XX. szazad), a szamos emlekmu, epiteszeti muemlek valamint a szilagyronai termeszetvedelmi rezervatumok megtekintese sem.